Circle of Francois de Troy, Portrait of La Duchesse de Longueville, 18th C. Oil #7891
|Height:||51 in. (129.54 cm)|
|Width:||40 in. (101.60 cm)|
|Depth:||2 in. (5.08 cm)|
|Country of Origin:||France|
|Artist:||Circle of Francois de Troy|
|Description:||18th century Oil Painting, Circle of Francois de Troy, Portrait of La Duchesse de Longueville, 18th century oil on canvas.|
François de Troy became a fashionable portrait painter in Paris, with a style of portraiture based on Flemish and Dutch models that included van Dyck and Rembrandt. The son of François, Jean-François de Troy, made his name as a painter of portraits, history subjects and tapestry designs, but he is known chiefly for his Rococo 'tableaux de modes,' representing fashionable life and amorous encounters.
He was accepted by Académie Royale and in 1674 was received (reçu) as a history painter with a morceau de réception that depicted Mercury and Argus (Paris, Ecole Nationale Supérieur des Beaux-Arts). His known works of this period include tapestry designs for Mme de Montespan, mistress of Louis XIV, and several unexceptional religious and mythological paintings (e.g. Susanna and the Elders and Lot and his Daughters, both St. Petersburg, Hermitage).
Early in his career he became friendly with Roger de Piles, who first introduced him to Dutch and Flemish painting. After Lefebvre's death in 1675 de Troy dedicated himself to portraiture in the hope of attracting the same clientele as his late teacher. In 1679 he received his first important commission, for a portrait of the Swedish ambassador Nils Bielke, and a year later was commissioned for the portrait of Anne-Marie of Bavaria, the bride of the Grand Dauphin. He was known for his unique ability to capture the nobility's preoccupation with manners, sartorial modes and social position.
Anne Genevieve de Bourbon-Conde' (born August 28, 1619) was a French Princess, married to the Henri II d’Orleans, the Duke of Longeuuville, She was born in the prison of Vincennes, for her parents, Henri II de Bourbon, Prince de Conde’ and Charlotte de Montmonency for opposing Marshal D’Ancre. She was raised and educated in a convent Carmelites, when her family made their peace with the powerful Cardinal de Richelieu, she was introduced to Paris society in 1635.
Married unhappily to the Duke of Longueville, the governor of Normandy, and twice her age. The Princess was known for both her beauty and amours, including the Duke de la Rochefoucauld, her influence during the civil wars of the Fronde, and her final conversion to Janenism. She died in 1679.
51"H x 40"W x 2"D
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